02. Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.

Africanized bees or African honey bees are also knows as killer bees, or African bees. Many people think African honey bees are to be invasive in many areas. Africanized honey bees are hybrid bees of the Western honey bee species. These bees are generated from cross-breeding of the African honey bee with various European honey bees. These hybrid bees are much more brave, stronger and defensive than any other European bees.

A small swarm of Africanized bees can attack a big size of Western bee’s hive and they force them to go away. Then they occupy the hive and select their queen to live there. Read more about Africanized Bees Identification and its spreading history.

AFRICANIZED BEES IDENTIFICATION

The Africanized honey bees were first seen in 1985 in the San Joaquin Valley of California onto a Venezuelan oil tanker. They spread from Mexico to Texas by 1990. Only 15 percent were Africanized In 1994 but the percentage increased to 90 by 1997.

The African queens and drones did sex with domesticated local non-African queens and drones after an accidental release. Then they spread around the America.The Africanized honey bees were popular in South America and Central America because many said they have more productivity.

Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.
Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.

Watch Video: Amazing History Of Bumble Bee & Honey Bee!

Africanized VS European honey bees

They differ from the following views:

The Africanized honey bees like to swarm more often and can go longer away than any other bees.
They like migrating to new places in seasonal changes in quest of foods.
They abscond and leave their hive and find for another places or hives.
They are more defensive especially while taking rest than any other species.
African honey bees like to live in cavities but not European bees.
They can protect their hive and living environment with much aggressiveness.
A hive has more guard bee than other types.
They can forecast threats from a long distance and attack upon the enemies with a large number.
They cannot live long time without forage and preventing themselves from entering into regions with rude cold and very dry late summer.

Spread of African honey bees

The spread of Africanized honey bees in the United States was from 1990 to 2003. After 2002, the Africanized honeybees spread from Brazil south to northern Argentina and north to Central America, Trinidad (West Indies), Texas, Mexico, Nevada, Florida, New Mexico, Arizona, and southern California. In June 2005, many saw that the bees had crossed Texas, and had spread towards the southwest Arkansas.

Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.
Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.

 

On the 11th September in 2007 Bob Odom in the Department of Agriculture and Forestry, a commissioner also said that Africanized honey bees had established themselves in the New Orleans area. In February 2009, many noticed Africanized honeybees in southern Utah.

Bee Sting Relief

In October 2010, Africanized honey bees killed a 73-year-old man while clearing his South Georgia house. In 2012 state officials referred that a vast area was found for the first time in a bee keeper’s colony in Monroe County, eastern Tennessee. In June 2013 a swarm of bees also killed a 62-year old Larry Goodwin of Moody, TX.

Find here to buy disposable swabs for bee sting relief: Sting-Kill Disposable Swabs – 5 Ea, Pack of 3.

In tropical climates they compete effectively against the European honey bees, and their peak rate of expansion is very fast and they spread the north at a rate of almost 2 kilometers (about one mile) a day. Many tried to slow their spread but were unable to prevent their expansion. Now they live from southern South America to northern North America.

Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.
Africanized Bees Identification And Its Spreading History.

They abscond and abandon the hive to start over in a new location. And they are able to find out their new location faster than European bees. The arrival of honeybees in Central America is a threat to the ancient art of keeping stingless bees in log gums even though they do not interbreed or directly compete with the stingless bees.

The honey production of honey bees exceeds the productivity of the native stingless honeybees so much that economic pressures enforce beekeepers to switch. For that, many Americans consider African bees are as invasive bees or species.

Resources of information

National Honey Board
American Honey Producers Association
American Bee Journal
The Pollination Home Page
Photo Credit – Picasa
Photo Credit – Google images – unrestricted
Experience of my own beekeeping project

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