03. African Bees: African Killer Bees Facts & Its Wonderful Story!

African Bees: Hybrids of African and European honeybees are named as Killer bees, the scientific name of which is Apis mellifera scutellata. But it is also well known as Africanized honeybee (AHB), or Africanized bee or Brazilian bee. Appearance of killer bees and the more obedient European honeybees are almost the same, but the killer bees are somewhat smaller. The main difference and the threat is the killer bee’s abnormal violence. Read and learn more about African bees and African killer bee facts.

African Bees – African Killer Bees Facts

#01. Creation of Killer Bees

African Killer bees were manufactured in a laboratory project by geneticist Dr. Warwick Kerr in 1956, assigned by the government of Brazil. Brazilian hired him to produce a bee that will be able to survive in tropics of South America where European honeybees were unable. The goal was to generate a gentle and robust bee by reproduction of European and African honeybee varieties. A few of the trial—and violent—bees runaway and began colonies in the Brazilian forests in 1957. This “killer bee” species has been spreading constantly till today.

02. Spread of Killer Bees

Killer bees have been increasing consistently and spreading at a rate of about 200 miles per year in North America – according to Colombia University. Even colonies of this species have been established throughout South America, eastern Mexico and Central America also.

African Bees: African Killer Bees Facts & Its Wonderful Story!
African Bees: African Killer Bees Facts & Its Wonderful Story!

In 1990 this killer bees were marked in southern Texas, by 1993 in Arizona, by 1995 in southern California, and by the mid-1990s in New Mexico. Nevada started the establishment of killer bees in the late 1990s and Utah about in 2000. As they cannot stay alive in cold weather, they are not expected to be established in the northern states.

03. Negative Effects

Both of humans and animals are killed in every country by Killer bees where they occupied. We have found 1,000 recorded deaths from the attacks of killer bees. They are poisonous because they can sting 10 times more and it reacts 10 times faster than European honeybees, follow their victim for up to quarter of a mile.

Killer bees often fight with native and European bee species, so they can create a significant problem in the southern United States. And this place is famous for packaged bee and queen-rearing businesses. Several species of private and social bees are expected to become destroyed once the killer bees enter into the area – according to Columbia University.

04. Positive Effects

Bees are responsible to serve at least one meal per person every day – according to Colombia University. It is due to their role as pollinators for a wide variety of food sources. Killer bees are also similar in this capacity, as they are important pollinators. Actually the killer bees directly manipulate 25 to 30 percent of effective tropical plants & vegetation.

You can buy here another book to learn about the bee and backyard beekeeping: The Bees in Your Backyard – A Guide to North America’s Bees.

05. Control Methods

African Bees: African Killer Bees Facts & Its Wonderful Story!
African Bees: African Killer Bees Facts & Its Wonderful Story!

From their beginning to till to date, various organizing methods have been attempted and are being developed.

Adequate Drones are released from established European honeybees into areas with European commercial honeybee queens to minimize the risk of those queens’ mating with Africanized species.

Frequent re-queen of colonies to ensure that queens are European is also engaged. Manual execution of killer bee nests is used, and, according to the Center for persistent Species Research, bee-propagation programs to control some of the problems associated with killer bees may prove helpful.

Resources of information

National Honey Board
American Honey Producers Association
American Bee Journal
The Pollination Home Page
Photo Credit – Picasa
Photo Credit – Google images – unrestricted
Experience of my own beekeeping project

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *