32. Varroa Mites Treatment Including Its Infestation, Spreading, And Detection.

Varroa Mites Treatment: Treating with Apistan is useful while varroa mites are in low level. Kill them before spread the bee infestation. Carefully follow the instruction written on cover page of Apistan stripes. Place two stripes of Apistan in the brood box of the affected colony for four weeks. This Apistan stripes can be available in any of large beekeeping supply companies. It can be used to detect mites. Learn more about Varroa mites treatment, its infestation, spreading, and detection.

Varroa mites Infestation
In 1991, Varroa mites were discovered in Kentucky – Bluegrass region of the Commonwealth. They spread and become a major nuisance for honey bees.

Varroa Mites Treatment Including Its Infestation, Spreading, And Detection.
Varroa Mites – Microscopic view
It’s an external parasite, attack honey bees, both of adults and brood, and seriously for drone brood.

They suck the blood from bees and gradually weakening them and shortening their life span. Victim brood may be malformed with missing legs or wings. Varroa mites infestation while kept Untreated may cause colony collapse or disorder.

Varroa Mites Detection
Losses of bees due to these parasitic mites are sometimes confused beekeepers. They may think as winter morality or cause of queenlessness. So, proper investigation requires to determining actual reason of losses of bees.

The adult & female mites are reddish-brown. It’s size is about 1 to 1.50 mm across and flattened, oval shaped. They are large enough to be detected, usually on the thorax of bees and also in abdomen. Their compressed shapes facilitate them to hide between abdominal segments of bees. Sometimes this mite is confused with bee louse. But remember, the louse has only six legs, more circular and slightly larger than mite shape.

Varroa Mites Spreading
Varroa Mites Treatment Including Its Infestation, Spreading, And Detection.
Varroa Mites – Microscopic view
Mites lay eggs, feed and develop on the growing bee larvae. By this time the mature bees are captured. Several mites will reach adulthood, mate and search for other bees or larvae. They prefer drone brood. So, inspection on the drone brood in their capped cells will indicate the colony infestation. The dark mites are easily visible on white pupae while the combs are broken or pupae are pulled out from their cells.

Mites spread from colony to colony by traveling worker bees and drones within the whole apiary. It’s the best to isolate captured bees from the colony and put new package bees. But prior to placing them in the apiary, check it well for mites if there any.

Find here to buy Vorroa mites treatment: Varroa mites quick stripe – two strips as a full dose.

Varroa Mites Treatment and Management
Early detection of mite infestation is key to its successful management.

While mites are in low level, treat with Apistan to kill mites and get rid of bee infestation. Only larger infestation is noticed during colony inspection. Hang two stripes of Apistan in the brood chamber of the colony approximately for 4 weeks. This can be used with sticker and fine net screen on the bottom brood of colony to capture mites if any.

This sticky paper also captures cell cappings and debris. By this method it’s possible to detect low level infestation. This Apistan stripes are available in any large beekeeping supply company. It can be used to detect mites and treat Varroa infestation.

If any colony is found infested, all the colonies of that site should be treated in the same way.

Tips & warning
01. Use Stripe with caution
Varroa Mites Treatment Including Its Infestation, Spreading, And Detection.
Apistan stripe

As this stripe contains Miticide Fluvalinate, it should not be used during honey flow, or while surplus honey in the colony that will be extract later on for human consumption. So, after removal of surplus honey or prior to honey flow is the best time to use this stripe for Varroa mites. That means, late fall and early spring is recommended to treat your colony with Apistan stripe.

Find here to buy stripes for Varroa mites treatment: Apivar, Model DC-799, by Mann Lake – 10 Pack.

02. Follow instruction
Always follow the label instructions regarding storage, use and disposal of Apistan like other pesticides.

03. Check local agent regulation
This pesticide is recommended to use in Kentucky, USA only. Please check with your local agent or regulatory office and ask them about this stripe whether it’s legal in your county or state.

04. Read direction
Always and or course, read and follow the label directions for safely use any pesticide.

Good news:

Recently a new medicine – Symbeeotic is invented in Lund University after researching few years, intend to protect Bees from diseases. Symbeeotic will enable the bees to fight against diseases naturally. It’s very simple and easily can be applied. Symbeeotic will enable the bees to use its own and beneficial Bacterias and boost its stomach naturally to fight against honeybee diseases.

Resources of information

National Honey Board
American Honey Producers Association
American Bee Journal
The Pollination Home Page
Photo Credit – Picasa
Photo Credit – Google images – unrestricted
Experience of my own beekeeping project.

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