Beekeeping Equipment: Beekeeping is amazing and become a profitable hobby or small business when you have the right tools and equipment. With the proper use of beekeeping equipment anybody has the ability to become a beekeeper who willing to learn about bees. Use of proper tools and equipment will increase beekeepers efficiency. Read and learn more about the Beekeeping Equipment and tools that are Essential for Beekeepers.
Many people may be surprised that it can be done in urban as well as rural areas. No matter what are the objectives of your beekeeping; understanding the importance, awareness of bee behavior and use of equipment will aid you greatly when it comes to protecting yourself and making sure your hives are successful and productive.
Watch Video: A List Of Essential BeeKeeping Equipment And Tools.
Every bee keeper should have several basic tools for beehive management and honey collection. Usually bees are attracted to dim colors. So, light-colored clothe is essential. Bees are attracted by scented lotions, colognes or perfumes. So, these should be avoided.
Successful bee keeping requires specific tools and equipment and some special tools to avoid bee sting. There are several tools and equipment available with beekeeping supply companies.
BeeKeeping Equipment: A List Of Essential BeeKeeping Equipment And Tools.
Every beekeeper should have several basic tools for beehive management and honey collection. Usually bees are attracted to dim colors. So, light-colored clothe is essential. Bees are attracted by scented lotions, colognes or perfumes. So, these should be avoided.
Successful beekeeping requires specific tools and equipment and some special tools to avoid bee sting. There are several tools and equipment available with beekeeping supply companies. To learn how to use beekeeping tools and equipment and where to use a specific tool, follow the steps stated below:
How to use Bee keeping Tools?
Beekeeping Equipment: A List Of Basic Beekeeping Equipment And Tools.
A smoker is a metal pot with attached bellows, essential tool for a beekeeper. A smoker blows puff of smoke on the hives when necessary.
Remember, Beekeeping tools kit if you buy as a set then it’s cheaper. But unfortunately if some tools become useless or damage then you have to buy it separately as single piece.
02. Beekeeping Brush
Removing bees from the hive can cause cell damage. So, very soft hair brush is usually used by beekeepers. The most popular is horse hair brush.
03. Scraper/hive tool
You may use a hive tool/scraper for scraping wax, loosen hive parts and manipulate frames. Scraper or hive tool is the most common and essential tool for beekeeping.
04. Wax cutter or knife either normal or electrical
Before keep in the extractor you must cut the capping of cells to spin honey. A sharp knife or uncapping roller or fork can be used. But an electrical knife is more efficient than others.
05. Wax heating pot
For making wax sheet it’s necessary to melt the wax. You can make wax sheets yourself or buy ready from beekeeping supplier.
06. Wax sheet maker
Wax sheet is used to make a foundation of bee frame to help bees make their nest as soon as possible and easily. Bees use wax to make their nest. So, wax foundation help them to work efficiently.
07. Comb puller
Bees usually fasten the comb with gum or popolis. So, it’s difficult to remove the comb with bare hand. Comb puller is used to easily remove the sticky combs.
You can purchase hives from local dealers or other beekeeper or order them online. The hives are obviously the most essential tool for beekeeper. Starter kits with all of the components and tools required for assembling, such as boards, boxes, nails and foundation pins.
Collect Honeybee Hives.
These are often available for purchase and easier to assemble than home-made kits. The different components or parts of your hives are – brood chamber, inner cover, outer cover, entrance hole, net trap, top and bottom bars, etc.
Since you should check your hives from time to time, you have to practice assembling and disassembling the hives before you start your beekeeping.
You can buy here a complete beehive kit: 10-Frame Traditional Complete Hive Kit, Painted Wood-Frames, 9-5/8-Inch by Mann Lake, Model HK170.
Beehive Frames and Feeder
After getting your bees in hand, install your beehives. If you start when nectar is not available, install a honeybee feeder in your hive to feed the bees. Place one feeder on the top of the direct brood chamber and another at the entrance of the hive, a third pail feeder on the inner cover hole and a fourth baggy feeder on the slats along the top bars. And Place a fifth frame feeder along with frames in the upper deep hive.
Install Beehives and Feeder
The feeder is an essential part of the hive during the first few weeks of beekeeping. Remember, all of the feeder installment option may not be available in every hive structure. For single hive structure only one feeder is required.
A 10 frames super box is shown in the picture. Remember, you should place a 10 frames super box on the top of 10 frames brood chamber.
A beehive includes the following parts:
01. Brood chamber/box
This is the base and bottom part of beehives. It could be 8 frames or 10 frames.
02. Super box
At harvesting season this super box is kept above the brood chamber. Number of frames of the super should be equal or less than brood box.
03. Top cover
After installing the hive it’s covered with top cover for keeping safe from rain, winds etc. To keep tight with body the bees will fasten with propolis (gum) collected from trees. Also they will cover with wax if there is any pore or space in the body or cover.
04. Separator between brood and super box
This separator is used to keep separate the Queen from laying eggs in the super box during harvesting season. Super box is installed intend to harvest honey. If the quee lays eggs there, it’s difficult to remove for harvesting and get damage.
05. 8 or 10 frames with wax sheet – manually attached or prepared by bees.
Usually there are two types of boxes are used, 8 frames or 10 frames. Wax sheet is the artificial bee hive made with wax by beekeepers to help the bees complete their hive fast.
06. Feeder pot to feed manually in off season.
The feeder pot is used only in off season when shortage of flowers or nectar in the nature. Beekeepers keep sugar syrup in pot daily to feed the bees artificially.
Beekeeping suit and veil
You should wear a beekeeping suit and veil to protect your body and face from bee stings. This defensive equipment is essential for beekeeping, especially when you are a beginner. Beekeeping suit is one-piece of cloth that cover the trunk and limbs made of a light-colored material.
Find here to buy a Beekeeper’s suit: NATURAL APIARY BEEKEEPING SUIT – Different colors available – LARGE – Complete, Full All-in-One, – Fencing Veil – Easy to Wear & Remove – Bee Proof Seals – Professional & Beginner Beekeepers.
Gloves and close-toed shoes should also be worn and keep in mind that bees like to crawl up once they can enter inside your clothing. If draw strings are not available, you may consider using masking tape or string to close off any openings. Although beekeeping suits can be replaced with normal clothing, but beginners should always wear a professional-grade beekeeping mask to protect their eyes, face, body and neck.
Beekeeping suits includes:
01. Beekeepers veil
Beekeepers veil is used to keep safe head, neck, shoulder and face from bee sting. Definitely these are very important organ to be kept in safe while you are maintaining bee hives.
02. Full shirt and pant
Beekeepers wear Full shirt and pant to protect their body. There should not be any space or gap between your body and clothing to ensure the bees can’t reach in your body.
03. Safety shoes
The end of pant should enter the Safety shoes. This will help you to keep your body fit for handling beehives and protect your body from bee sting.
04. Hand Gloves
Hand gloves are essential to keep safe your hand while working on a beehive. It’s recommended to use leather hand gloves for the best performance of handling beehives.
Honey extractor or spinning equipment
01. Harvester or Honey Extractor – manual
It’s is fit for few number of beehives to harvest honey manually. Manual extractor is recommended for Beekeeping as hobby or as a side business or small business.
BeeKeeping Equipment: A List Of Basic BeeKeeping Equipment And Tools.
Honey extractor – Automatic
02. Honey Extractor – Automatic
While you are maintaining hundreds of or thousands of beehives it’s not possible to extract honey manually. So, automatic extractor is highly recommended large bee farm or professional beekeeping.
03. Sugar Syrup making pot
At off season while there is crisis of natural flowers bees can’t get enough nectar for their feeding. To keep your bees live and healthy you should use sugar syrup as nectar substitute. Sugar syrup is made with 1:1 sugar and water boiled to prepare an uniform mixture.
04. Sieve or filter to clean syrup or honey
Learn How To Extract Honey – Harvest Honey Manually In Traditional Beekeeping.
To filter sugar syrup or extracted honey a sieve is used to remove all clutter from honey or syrup. While honey is extracted a lot of wax, and dead bees are found. To separate this floating things you may need to filter it several times.
05. Cone/Funnel to pour honey into jar
A cone/Funnel is used to pour or put honey in the jar or bucket. This will ease your work of filling bucket with honey.
Honey Processing equipment:
For manual processing a heater with control switch is necessary.
02. Pots and wooden separator between two pots (inner and outer)
In the picture you can see a bottom pot with water and the upper pot with honey. There are 3/4 wooden separator between these two pots. This arrangement will protect from direct heat that damage many ingredients of honey. You can make a similar arrangement by yourself.
03. Temperature indicator or thermometer
While you use manual processing you must use temperature indicator or thermometer to control heat and avoid over heating.
04. Moisture indicator
Frequently you have to check the density of honey to maintain the moisture or keep the moisture in a reasonable range. Remember, the moisture should be between 18% to 22%.
Find here a moisture indicator: High Measuring Range, Honey tester 58%-90% – Beerkeeping, bees Tri-Scales for Honey Moisture – Ade Advanced Optics, Brix Refractometer.
The above 4 equipment are required for manual processing.
05. Automatic processing auto machine is required
Automatic processing machine is very expensive and only recommended for commercial beekeepers. But you can use a small power blanket instead of the above which is very simple and cheap.
Tips & Warnings
Keep in touch with Network of local beekeeping club or nature center to learn more about beekeeping in your area. They can supply you helpful tips and tricks related to beekeeping, even they may be able to supply basic tools and equipment as well.
Beekeeping can pose many serious risks to individuals who are sensitive to bees and bee stings. It is wise to check with your doctor before embarking on this interesting hobby.
Resources of information
National Honey Board
American Honey Producers Association
American Bee Journal
The Pollination Home Page