01. The greatest pollinators
Beekeeping or Apiary provides an important source of income for Beekeepers. According to IPBES (Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) the western honey bee is the most widespread and managed pollinator globally. They have more than 80 million hives which can produce an estimated 1.6 million tonnes of honey annually.
02. How Much Money a Beekeeper Can Make Each Year?
Find here the reasons and benefits of Beekeeping including the question above in details.
03. Beekeeping Overview
A honey bee, often spelled honeybee, a eusocial flying insect within the genus Apis of the bee species, all of indigenous origin or growth in mainland Afro-Eurasia. You may know the scientific name for honey bee is Apis mellifera. The main objective or aim is harvest of honey since humans first began keeping honey bees.
Mellifera is the most commonly known species as a pollinator in the U.S. Honey bees are managed to pollinate over 100 crops grown in the world including USA.
04. Honey Bee Nutrition and Health
As per Morse and Calderone, 2000, Honey bees pollinate about $15 billion worth of crops in the United States each year. And (as per Atkins et al., 1975), about 1/3 of our diet directly or indirectly we obtain from the crops which are pollinated by honeybees. Even, some crops, such as berries, cherries, and almonds depend on honey bee pollination exclusively.
Now (Smith et al., 2013), the health of honeybees has been challenged by new pathogens, parasites, and pests as well as pesticides. Additionally (Decourtye et al., 2010), the lack of availability of pollen and nectar has seriously reduced the honey bee lifespan and immune defence.
All these above factors impacted in a large reduction in the global bee population. Only in the United States, about 30% of Apiary honey bees die each year and in the winter which is two times more than acceptable (vanEngelsdorp et al., 2012) by beekeepers.
Since 2007, (CCD) Colony Collapse Disorder has brought much attention to everybody including politicians, and scientists. Colony Collapse Disorder is the abnormal situation that occurs when the majority of worker bees leave the colony, plenty of food and a few nurse bees to care for the remaining immature bees and the queen.
But the cause of CCD has not been found yet. However, CCD is assumed to be the risk factors from biotic and abiotic sources. It’s commonly believe that Honey bee nutrition is one of the most fundamental factors. Nutrition will influence honey bee health and impact their capabilities to combat parasites, pathogens, and other environmental stressors (Atkins et al., 1975).
As per Atkins et al., 1975, Pollen demand of Honey bees is age-specific. For example: adults start consuming pollen a few hours after emerging. Pollen intake reaches a peak around 5–6 days. After they start feeding the brood the peak pollen consumption occurs and it lasts about 10 days which is the time spent on feeding tasks.
(Atkins et al., 1975): After 10 days (brood feeding period), pollen consumption is rapidly and gradually reduced, while workers stop their nursing behavior.
As per Hersch et al., 1978, Pollen consumption contributes Honey Bees to building flight muscles. The accumulation of Vg protein, which is a major component of brood food, secreted by the HPGs (as per Amdam et al., 2004b; Guidugli et al., 2005).
(Hagedorn and Moeller, 1968), Poor pollen supplies will result in a delay of the maturation of flight muscles, and also reduced development of the HPGs (Alqarni, 2006; Maurizio, 1954).
As per Cage studies (Barker and Lehner, 1974), the adult honey bees can survive for a long time even without eating pollen. However, with the pollen or protein supplements, they’ll live much longer (Manning and Rutkay, 2007; Schmidt et al., 1987, 1995); Maurizio, 1954.
05. Health Benefits of Beekeeping
Beekeeping is not only help beekeepers, rather it helps consumers in several ways as mentioned in the attached link above.
06. How to Process Honey at Home
All beekeepers, specially beginners should know how to process raw honey at home. So, they can try it in their home.