182: The Basis for Honey Bee Management.

Honey Bee Management: To effectively manage honey bees, the farmer or beekeepers should 1st perceive the essential biology of this social insect. Several publications go in nice detail on this subject; solely a short definition is developed here. Readers are needed to read and study a mass Storey’s Guide to Keeping Honey Bees as a primary step to understanding the complexities of culturing honey bees (apiculture).

The Basis for Honey Bee Management

All members within the colony area unit metamorphic and undergo “complete” metamorphosis (change of body appearance). They start their lives as associate degree eggs ordered by the queen. once 3 days all eggs hatch. this is often followed by a worm-like feeding stage known as the “larva.” afterward, the tissues of the brute mobilize in a section known as “pupation,” with the person that results known as a “pupa.” Finally, the last section is named the adult, and it cuts its solution of the wax cell (“emerges”) to start her/his duties. See this 21-day development cycle encapsulated during a recent video found here at Ted Talks.

The Basis for Honey Bee Management. (182)
The Basis for Honey Bee Management. (182)

All inseminated eggs can become feminine bees (either employees or queens). sterile eggs become males (drones). Thus, 3 people sometimes conjure the honey bee colony, every having differing lifestyles, biological process times and life expectancies: one procreative feminine (queen); thousands of employees (non-reproductive females) and several other hundred males (drones). conjointly all eggs, larvae, and pupae during a colony area unit known as brood.

The key individual in honey bee colonies is that the worker or female, with a development time of twenty-one days. Queens have shorter development time, drones longer.

A typical honey bee colony consists of 1 queen, about 10,000 to 30,000 workers and within the active season, with maybe a couple of hundred to thousand drones. Honey bees square measure regulated by a set of pheromones, most having some role to play in terms of the orientation of honey bees and also the relationship of the queen along with her daughters or female bees.

The common lifespan of a bee as below:






Total Lifespan
 Queen (female)





5 Years

 Workers (female)





Variable: 70 Days in summer to 180 in fall/winter

 Drone  (male)





45 Days


The honey bee colony is perennial, not like several solitary insects, honey bees have the capability to survive cold temperatures by bunching along in an exceedingly tight cluster to supply and conserve heat. Therefore, a colony of honey bees will survive most of the harshest environmental challenges on the world, an extreme example of the best development of social interaction, eusociality.

Since the honey bee colony is well equipped to react to and survive outside environmental conditions, it’s the beekeeper’s task to anticipate specific issues that challenge colonies. this can be sometimes accomplished by coming back to the help of colonies by correcting population imbalances and/or food shortages, which may then provide them a survival edge. Thus, management is absolutely a study in limiting factors obtainable to the bee colony inbound geographic areas, that is why cultivation, like realty, is commonly captivated with a specific location.

The cultivation calendar guides the beekeeper’s activities throughout the year. It consists of 3 sections: (1) the increase and fall of bee populations, (2) the standing of nectar and spore manufacturing plants (food resources), and (3) farmer colony manipulations supported either or each of the things on top of. This usually reflects a nice degree the record keeping ability of the beekeeper-manager as those experiences cataloged over time at a selected location square measure the most effective teacher. regardless of what percentage records square measure unbroken, however, the honey bee still retains several of its secrets in “mysterious behaviors.”

In temperate areas, the cultivation calendar is driven principally by photoperiod ( day length not prevailing temperatures), which contributes to the most effective survival of plants honey bees rely on. The presence or absence of daylight on a seasonal basis is much additional foreseeable than localized weather (see Thirty Years of Spring). Honey bees in tropical areas in contrast time several activities supported downfall, as a result of day length is invariant, providing few clues thereto potential survival strategy. Specific samples of many cultivation calendars found on the globe Wide internet.

A fuller clarification of honey bee biology may be seen at the Bee Health Cooperative Extension web site. Want to buy now: NaturaNectar Red Bee Propolis, Vegetable Capsules, 60 Count

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